Drivers and Trajectories of Migration to Europe – summary of case study reports

The case study reports are drawn up on the basis of a research carried out in four case studies namely: Iraq, Senegal, Tunisia and Ukraine between 2020 and 2021 and it is one of the outputs of the research project FUME. The objective of the reports is twofold:

1) to illustrate the main environmental, demographic, socio-cultural, economic and geopolitical characteristics and patterns that from international through regional to the local level shape the
internal and international migration trajectories from four investigated case studies;

2) to analyse the results collected during the research undertaken in the chosen four case studies, where in total 119 in-depth interviews to potential migrants and 17 semi-structured interviews (Iraqi, Senegal, Tunisia) and one focus group (Ukraine) with key-experts on migration issues were carried out.

While the context of analysis has been examined through the interviews to key-experts of different professional background (academic scholars; representatives of national and international institutions; members of humanitarian organizations or association of the third sector), the majority of the interviews were aimed at collecting the experiences of migrants or “would-be migrants” to Europe. These latter interviewees were according to their different periods of arrival to the main cities from rural or secondary urban areas: “newcomers” (settled in the last 5 years), “long stayers” (settled from 5 up to 10 years) and “settled migrants” (over 10 years). The presentation of research results aims at discussing the qualitative evidence and harmonizes the analytical observations between results of the research carried in four case studies Iraq, Senegal, Tunisia and Ukraine.

Access the case study reports here: