SLOVAKIA – Migration and demographic patterns in Central-Eastern Europe
This report has been prepared as a part of the Horizon 2020 FUME project – Future Migration Scenarios for Europe (870649) and its deliverable “D.6.2. Report on migration and demographic patterns in the EU CEE countries and potential source countries”. Its aim is to analyse the migration profile of the Slovak Republic and to assess the country’s migration potential in order to provide material for fine-tuning of the FUME migration projection model. Some of the variables considered in this analysis are: migrants’ gender, education attainment, employment, formal status and country of origin. Moreover, the report is a first step in the analytical exercise which aims to determine migration movement potential both from and to the Slovak Republic.
Slovakia, similarly to other Visegrad countries, is a relatively new immigration country. Some of the key moments in its recent migration history are: the accession to the European Union in 2004, joining the Schengen Area in 2007 and joining the Eurozone in 2009, as the only country of the region. The report briefly presents the historical context of migrations to and from the Slovak Republic in order to facilitate understanding of the country’s current migration profile. It both sketches the demographic structure of the population of migrants residing in Slovakia and refers to the issues around the Slovak diaspora globally. Moreover, the presented analysis provides background information concerning particular institutions and laws that are crucial for migration policy of the country.